Resources Related to First Peoples

Territory acknowledgement: The University of Windsor sits on the traditional territory of the Three Fires Confederacy of First Nations, comprised of the Ojibway, the Odawa, and the Potawatomie.

Inspiration: "...Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples ... transform Canadian society so that our children and grandchildren can live together in dignity, peace, and prosperity on these lands we now share." 

“By listening to your story, my story can change. By listening to your story, I can change.”

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. (2015). Honouring the truth, reconciling for the future : summary of the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, pp. 8 and 21.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada and Reports, see National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Indigenous Voices

See also the News Media section below

Canada 150: Contemporary Indigenous Voices (

I am Indigenous (CBC, 2017)

I am Indigenous (CBC, 2016)

Indigenous Cinema (NFB)

Indigenous Land, Urban Stories (Master's Students, Ryerson School of Journalism at FCAD)

mediaINDIGENA (twitter) mediaINDIGENA (web)

Our Truth: the Youth Perspective on Residential Schools

Raven's Quest (tvokids)

ReconciliAction Resources: Podcasts and Radio (Danielle Bitz, University of Saskatchewan. University Library)

Red Man Laughing - Whose Education Is It Anyway?

The Silent Enemy

Toolkits (Reconciliation Canada)

Unreserved with Rosanna Deerchild (CBC)

Waboos First Nation Search Engine

What I Wish My Professors Knew About Me... (Western University)

Yellowhead Institute (Indigenous think tank at Ryerson University)


Other Sources


Indigenous Peoples in Southwestern Ontario and Michigan

For Canadian maps see Government Information resources below, and Google Maps (search for the indigenous community, Canada-only).

Aamjiwnaang First Nation 

Chippewas of the Thames First Nation

Delaware Nation at Moraviantown 

Kettle and Stony Point First Nation 

Munsee Delaware Nation

Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi (Michigan)

Oneida Nation of the Thames First Nation

Pokégnek Bodéwadmik Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians (Michigan)

Saginaw Chippewa Tribe (Michigan)

Walpole Island First Nation – Bkejwanong Territory


Community Links

Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada

Aboriginal Child Resource Centre (Windsor)

Aboriginal Learners (Council of Ontario Universities)

Assembly of First Nations (Canada)

Can-Am Indian Friendship Centre (Windsor)

Chiefs of Ontario 

First Nations, Métis and Inuit Studies (Greater Essex County District School Board)

First-Nations, Métis and Inuit Education (Windsor-Essex Catholic School Board)

Indigenous Education (Colleges and Institutes Canada)

International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs

Métis Student Solidarity Network (Ontario)

Métis Nation of Ontario

N'Amerind Friendship Centre (Windsor)

Native Student Alliance (UWindsor)

Native Women's Association of Canada

Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres

Southern First Nations Secretariat

Transitions: Supporting First Nations, Métis and Inuit Students in School and Career Success


Dates Set Aside by Custom or Law

First Nations Public Library Week (FNPLW) Oct 1-7, 2018

Have a Heart Day (Canada) February 14.

International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples 9 August.

National Indigenous History Month (Canada) June.

National Day of Awareness for Missing and Murdered Native Women and Girls (USA) May 5.

National American Heritage Month (USA) November.

Native American Heritage Day (USA) First Friday after Thanksgiving.

National Indigenous Peoples Day (Canada) 21 June.

Orange Shirt Day (Canada) 30 September.

Sisters in Spirit Vigils MMIWG (Manitoba, the day is honoured by Canada) 4 October.

Treaties Recognition Week (Ontario) First Week of November


On Conducting Research in Indigenous Communities

Please contact your Professor/Advisor and the Aboriginal Education Centre (University of Windsor) before embarking on research-based projects with indigenous communities.

For information on research protocols please see the resource titled Resources Related to First Peoples: for Faculty and Administration.


University-based Communities in Ontario and Michigan

Aboriginal Cultural & Learning Centre (Lambton College)

Aboriginal Education Centre (University of Windsor)

Aboriginal Initiatives (Lakehead University)

Aboriginal Institutes (Ontario)

Aboriginal Leadership Opportunity Year (Royal Military College)

Aboriginal Resource Centre (University of Guelph)

Aboriginal Resource Centre (University of Ottawa)

Aboriginal Student Services (Brock University)

American Indian and Indigenous Studies (Michigan State University)

American Indians at the University of Michigan

Anishinaabe Students (Algoma University and Shingwauk Kinoomaage Gamig)

Anishnaabeg Binaadiziwin: An Ojibwe Peoples Resource

Centre for Aboriginal Culture and Education (Carleton University)

Centre for Aboriginal Student Services (York University)

Centre for Indigenous Studies (University of Toronto)

First Nations Centre (Fanshawe College)

First Nation, Métis and Inuit Centre (St. Clair College)

First Peoples House of Learning (Trent University)

Four Directions Aboriginal Student Centre (Queen's University)

Indigenous Services (Western University)

Indigenous Student Affairs (Laurentian University)

Indigenous Student Services (University of Ontario Institute of Technology)

Indigenous Studies Program (McMaster University)

Indigenous Visual Cultural Student Centre (OCADU)

Native American Student Organization (Wayne State University)

Office of Aboriginal Initiatives (Nipissing University)

Office of Aboriginal Initiatives (Wilfred Laurier University)

Ryerson Aboriginal Student Services (Ryerson University)

Waterloo Aboriginal Education Centre (University of Waterloo)


Other Sources


Curriculum-related documents [related to university-level] (Leddy Library, UWindsor)

Adams, Jodie, et al, (2018). Our Stories : First Peoples in Canada. Toronto: Centennial College of Applied Arts and Technology. [eTextbook]

BCcampus OpenEd open textbooks

Deepening Knowledge: Resources for and about Aboriginal Education (OISE)

Elementary Teachers Federation of Ontario, First Nations, Métis and Inuit


How to Tell the Difference: A Guide for Evaluating Children’s Books for Anti-Indian Bias (oyate)

Indigenous Canada (free MOOC) (University of Alberta)

Indigenous Canada MOOC Toolkit

Infusing Indigenous Perspectives in k-12 Teaching (OISE)

Proquest Dissertations and Theses Global

Proquest Social Sciences



Anaya, J. (2014). Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, James Anaya. The Situation of Indigenous Peoples in Canada (Final Version). United Nations Human Rights Council.

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.

Canadian Human Rights Commission. (2010). Report on equality rights of Aboriginal people. Canadian Human Rights Commission.

Aboriginal Income Disparity in Canada. (Government of Canada. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada)

Joint Report by the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) et al. (2012). Response to Canada's 19th and 20th Periodic Reports: Alternative Report on Canada's Actions on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.

National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.

United Nations. General Assembly. (2008). United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples [2007]. United Nations Department of Public Information.

Urban Aboriginal Knowledge Network


Government Information

Aboriginal Heritage (Library and Archives Canada)

Aboriginal Institutes (Ontario)

Canadian Health Research Collection

Canadian Public Policy Collection

First Nation Profiles Interactive Map

Historical Debates of the Parliament of Canada

House of Commons Parliamentary Papers

Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada 

Michigan Tribal Governments 

Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation (Ontario)

Native American Affairs (Michigan Department of Health & Human Services)

Ontario First Nations Maps

Our Ontario Government Documents Collection

Registry of Canadian Government Information Digitization Projects

Statistics Canada. Aboriginal Peoples.

Statistics Canada. Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit

Statistics Canada. NHS Aboriginal Population Profile, 2011

United Nations Division For Social Policy and Development. Indigenous Peoples.

United Nations International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples.


Guiding Documents

Anishnaabeg Bimaadiziwin: An Ojibwe Peoples Resource

Commissions of Inquiry into Indian affairs in the Canadas, 1828-1858: Evolving a corporate memory for the Indian Department

Indigenizing the Academy (Canadian Association of University Teachers)

Indigenous Education Protocol (Colleges and Institutes Canada)

National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples 

John, Edward. A Study on the impacts of the Doctrine of Discovery on indigenous peoples, including mechanisms, processes and instruments of redress, with reference to the Declaration, and particularly to articles 26-28, 32 and 40. United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. 2014.

Bell, Nicole. Teaching by the Medicine Wheel: An Anishinaabe Framework for Indigenous Education. Education Canada. 2014. 

Truth and Reconciliation Commission Reports in Accessible Formats

Understanding First Nation Sovereignty (Chiefs of Ontario)

Universities Canada Principles on Indigenous Education

WWW.FPIC.INFO (Indigenous Rights and Resource Governance Research Group)



Aboriginal Health

National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health

Report of the Standing Committee on Indigenous and Northern Affairs. (2017). Breaking Point: the Suicide Crisis in Indigenous Communities. Ottawa: Speaker of the House of Commons.


Image Collections

American Indians of the Pacific Northwest University of Washington

An Honest, Genial and Kindly People

Edward S. Curtis's The American Indian [text and images] Northwestern University

Paul Seesequasis - Indigenous Archival Photo Project

Indigenous Audiovisual Collection Royal BC Museum

The Indigenous Collection The Art Gallery of Ontario

Indigenous Photograph Collection University of Alberta

Indigenous Resources Archives Association of Ontario



Undergraduate Journal of Indigenous Studies - Dbaajmowin

Select Journal List on the Leddy Library homepage and in the search box enter the word indigenous or the word native in order to find journals with the word in the title.



see also News Media section

Aboriginal Languages in Canada (Statistics Canada)

Aboriginal Maps and Mapping: Language Maps (UBC Research Guide)

Challenge4Change (Website and App)


Indigenous/Native Language Resources (OISE)

Native People and Languages (University of Ottawa)

The Objibwe People's Dictionary

Pronunciation de noms autochtones/Native Names Pronunciation

Syllabic Keyboards

TV Ontario: Indigenous stories in Indigenous languages

UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger


Legal Sources

Indigenous Law Research Unit (University of Victoria)

Law Commission of Canada (ed). (2008). Indigenous Legal Traditions. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Napoleon, V., & Friedland, H. (2014). Indigenous Legal Traditions: Roots to Renaissance In Dubber, M., & Hörnle, T. (eds). The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Researching Aboriginal and Indigenous Law (Paul Martin Law Library, UWindsor)

Valiante, Guiseppe. (2016). Akwesasne creates first court in Canada for and by Indigenous people. The Canadian Press, Oct. 2.


Library Databases

Indigenous Resources (excluding Law Library Legal Sources)



Anishinabek News and Archive

Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN)

Alia, V. (1999). Un/Covering the North: News, Media, and Aboriginal People. Vancouver, CA: UBC Press.

Crey, K. (2016). Indigeneity, institutions of media culture, and the Canadian state since 1990ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

First Nations and Indigenous Studies: Newspapers

First Nations Historical News Sources 

First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Publishers and Distributors (Sara McDowell, University of Toronto Libraries)

First Nations Periodical Index

First Nations Periodicals

ImagineNATIVE (The Centre for Aboriginal Media)

Indian & Cowboy

Internet Archive. TV News Archive.



List of First Nations Periodicals

Mazina'iagan: A Chronicle of the lake Superior Ojibwe

Métis Voyageur and Archive

News Media, Television & Radio

Ojibway TV (app available through the Apple Store or Google Play)

Style Guide for Reporting on Indigenous People (Journalists for Human Rights)

Warrior Publications For Archive see AMMSA.COM in list.

Residential Schools

Residential School Survivors Crisis Support Line staffed 24 hours (1-866-925-4419). Not to be called for research purposes. This is a crisis support line for those who may require assistance as they peruse this documentation.

A Lost Heritage: Canada's Residential Schools (CBC Digital Archives)

American Indian Boarding Schools (Ziibiwing Center of Anishinabe Culture & Lifeways, MI)

The Apologies (United Church of Canada)

Beyond 94: Truth and Reconciliation in Canada (CBC)

Chartrand, L. N., Logan, T. E., & Daniels, J. D. (2006). Métis history and experience and residential schools in Canada. Aboriginal Healing Foundation.

Conducting Research on Canada's Residential Schools (Library and Archives Canada)

Forgotten: The Métis Residential School Experience [online exhibition]

Indian Residential Schools (Catholic Voices Canada)

Indian Residential Schools (Government of Canada)

Indian School: Stories of Survival (MI, USA) [film]

National Film Board of Canada 

Our Digital World (Ontario)

Residential Schools (Library and Archives Canada)

Truth and Reconciliation (Anglican Church of Canada)

The Children Remembered: Residential School Archive Project (United Church of Canada)

Where Are the Children? Healing the Legacy of the Residential Schools [online exhibition]


Selection of Research Guides

Aboriginal Studies [multiple guides] (University of Toronto Libraries)

Aboriginal/First Nations - Selected Web Resources (Lambton College)

American Indian and Indigenous Studies (The Newberry)

First Nations and Indigenous Studies (University of British Columbia)

First Nations Studies (Western University)

Indigenous Resources (Archives Association of Ontario)

Indigenous Resources (University of Michigan)

Indigenous Foundations (UBC)

Indigenous Studies (Fanshawe College)

Indigenous Studies (University of Toronto)

Indigenous Studies (University of Winnipeg)

Native American Studies Research Guide (Michigan State University)

Native Canada (University of Calgary)

On conducting research [section] (Leddy Library, UWindsor)

Researching Aboriginal and Indigenous Law (Paul Martin Law Library, UWindsor)


Settler Histories

Classified digest of the records of the Society for the Propagation of the Bible in Foreign Parts, 1701-1892 (with much supplementary information)

Hudson's Bay Company Archives (Archives of Manitoba)

The Indian Record: Leddy Library Microfilm (serials) - Main Bldng - Basement - Media Centre (BV2195 .I5 v.49 1986 )


Social Justice

Social justice is related to all issues mentioned on this page. See those sections.

Aboriginal Issues (Centre for Social Justice)


Spirituality and Religion

Indigenous Spiritual Practices (Ontario Human Rights Commission)

The Faith Project: Aboriginal Spirituality


Treaty Rights and Sovereignty

Aboriginal and Treaty Rights Information System (Government of Canada)

Aboriginal Lands and Economic Development. (Government of Canada. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada) 

Acts, Agreements, Treaties and Land Claims. (Government of Canada. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada)

Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada

National Aboriginal Economic Board.

Reconciliation, Treaties and Indigenous History in Canada: a Reading List

Treaty Texts (Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada)


This page was developed with the assistance of members of the University of Windsor community. Please send suggestions or feedback to jsoutter @