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Locating Chemical and Physical Properties of Substances

These resources can help you find a variety of property information for chemical substances (i.e. melting points, boiling points, density, solubility, etc.)

Basic Property Information

  • 10 Easy Steps for Finding Property Data
    Guide to searching for property Data (Arizona State University Libraries)
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
    Comprehensive data reference book. Includes two modules: Document Mode allows you to view interactive tables and generate graphs, and export table data; Chemistry Mode allows you to search all chemical compounds and their associated physical properties. Searchable by name, formula, property or structure.
  • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data
    Provides critically evaluated physical and chemical property data that is fully documented as to the original source and criteria used for evaluation.
  • International Critical Tables of Numerical Data, Physics, Chemistry and Technology
    Contains critical data on inorganic and organic compounds, and pure substances, including physical, thermodynamic, mechanical, and other key properties.
  • Knovel Critical Tables
    Includes fully interactive tables containing physical, solvent, and thermodynamic properties. The Thermodynamic tables feature an Equation Plotter that graphically represents the temperature correlation relationships and allows for each calculation and plotting of the properties. Searchable by keyword or numeric property value.  
  • NIST Chemistry WebBook
    • Guide for using NIST Chemistry WebBook
      This collection of chemical and physical property data is maintained by the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Standard Reference Data Program. Includes thermochemical data, IR spectra, mass spectra and ion energetics data for organic and small inorganic compounds. Various search options are available.
  •  The Elements
    QD466 .E48 1988 (West Building - Basement)
    Compilation of data, in alphabetical order, of all the main properties of the chemical elements. Properties include chemical data, physical data, biological data, nuclear data, electron shell data, crystal data, and geological data. Also includes the origin of the name, the discoverer, and the date of discovery, as well as a final chapter on the development of the periodic table.
  • Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry
    QD65.L36 2005 (West Building - Basement)
    Lists the properties of organic and inorganic compounds with tables covering viscosity, thermal conductivity, critical constants, explosion limits, and vapor density. Features equations allowing for the calculation of temperature and pressure.
  • Dictionary of Organic Compounds
    QD251 .D49 1965 (West Building - Basement)
    Provides the constitution and physical and chemical properties of the principal carbon compounds and their derivatives, together with relevant literature references.
  • Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants
    QC61.K3 1995 (West Building - Basement)
    Includes coverage of physical and chemical data with illustrations, key references, and introductory text for each section.
  • The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals
    • Also available in print RS51.M4 2001 (West Building - Basement)
      The online version offers the same information as the print edition in a searchable full-text database. It includes monographs on single substances or groups of related compounds, and historic records not available in the print edition.
  • Perry’s Chemical Engineer’s Handbook
    TP151.P45 2008 (West Building - Basement)
    Includes physical and chemical data, tables and charts for unit conversion, latest advances in distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation processes, and chemical plant safety practices with accident case histories.
  • Physical Reference Data
    NIST (National Institution of Standards and Technology) resources for physics data. Includes Elemental Data Index, Periodic Table: Atomic Properties of the Elements, Physical Constants, Atomic Spectroscopy Data, Molecular Spectroscopic Data, Atomic and Molecular Data, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Data, Radiation Dosimetry Data, Nuclear Physics Data, and Condensed Matter Physics Data.
  • PubChem
    Open chemistry database at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which collects and provides information on chemical structures, identifiers, chemical and physical properties, biological activities, patents, health, safety, and toxicity data.
  • ChemSpider
    Chemical structure database that provides access to structures, properties, and associated information and is owned by the Royal Society of Chemistry. Offers text and structure searching to find compounds of interest and provides services to improve this data by curation and annotation. 

Spectra Data

If you are looking for spectra data specifically, in addition to the resources listed above, you can also consult the following.

  • The Aldrich Library of FT-IR Spectra
    QC457.P87 1997 (West Building - Basement)
    Categorizes spectra by functionality and arranged in order of increasing structural complexity.
  • NIST Atomic Spectra Database
    Provides access to NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) critically evaluated data on atomic energy levels, wavelengths, and transition probabilities.
  • Atlas of Spectral Data and Physical Constants for Organic Compounds
    QD257.7.G7 1975 (West Building - Basement)
    Includes name and synonym directory, structures, spectroscopic aids, spectral cross-correlation tables, indexes for molecular formula, molecular weight, and physical constants.
  • Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry
    QC450.3 E53 2000 (West Building - Basement)
    Provides comprehensive coverage of spectroscopy, from theory to applications. Each article is flagged as to which area of spectroscopy it covers (Mass Spectroscopy, Magnetic Resonance, etc.) and whether it covers theory, methods and instrumentation, or applications. Users can refer to an alphabetical article listing, or to a listing arranged according to subject area to locate articles.
  • NMRShiftDB2
    Database for organic structures and their nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. Allows for spectrum prediction and searching spectra, structures and other properties. Also features peer-reviewed submission of datasets by users, published under an open content license. Creating an account is only required if you would like to submit data.

Crystallographic Data

In addition to the resources for basic property information, to find crystallographic data you can also use the resources listed below.

Research Guide created by Tanis Schumilas, April 2018