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Geospatial Data: Land Cover & Land Use of Canada

Canada Land Inventory (CLI)

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1965-1978

The GIS coverage classifies land based on their capability for use in agriculture, forestry, recreation, and wildlife; and by their land use for the years 1965-1978. This collection is available at either 1: 50 000, 1:250 000, 1:1000 000 scales, showing for each sector province/region wide capability. Although the information is old, and better information is available for some areas as part of more recent soil surveys, the interpretations are still largely valid, and many jurisdictions still use them for land use planning purposes.

Format: ESRI ArcInfo interchange file format (.e00), .wmf, and .gif images

Access: GeoGratis FTP Sites 


Circa 2000 Land Cover for Agricultural Regions of Canada

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2001

A 30 meter resolution raster of land cover classification produced from Landsat satellite imagery. Mapping is complete for agricultural regions of Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia. The Product is available based on corresponding UTM Zones or National Topographic System (NTS) map tiles.


Access: Download from Open Government of Canada


Circa 1995 Land Cover of the Prairies

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1995

A seamless vector format land cover classification produced from Landsat satellite imagery. Mapping is available for agricultural regions of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and parts of British Colombia.

Format: GEOTIFF (.tiff)

Access: Download from Open Government of Canada


Canada Land Use Monitoring Plan (CLUMP)

Natural Resources of Canada, 1966-1986

CLUMP examines land use from 1966 through 1986 on a five-year basis, corresponding to Canada's census years. The classification scheme consists of 15 classes which are based on air photo interpretation, field surveys and census information. Data is available for individual municipality for various years. 

Format: ESRI ArcInfo interchange file format (.e00)

Access: Download from Open Government of Canada


Canada Lands Survey System (CLSS) Cadastral Data

Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, 2010

This data provides the cadastral framework, a parcel base of properly structured vector data showing property rights on specified Canada Lands (Indian Reserves, National Parks, Territories and Canada's Offshore).

Format: ESRI Shapefiles

Access: Download from Natural Resources Canada 


DMTI Landuse

DMTI Spatial Inc., 2001-2014 (per annum)

As part of the DMTI RouteLogistics Dataset, this shapefile (“LUR”) classifies the patterns of landuse into the following categories: commercial, government and institutional, open area, parks and recreational, residential, resource and industrial, and waterbody.

Format: ESRI Shapefiles

Access: Download from Scholars GeoPortal


DMTI Clutter Data

DMTI Spatial Inc., 2004

A national digital landuse database at 30 & 90 metre resolution, describing land use with respect to the impairment of radio frequency propagation by reflection, diffraction, absorption or scattering of transmission waves. The 11 landuse categories are: Freshwater, Ocean, Coniferous Forest, Deciduous Forest, Open Land, Airports, Industrial, Urban, Dense Urban, Core Urban, and Wetland.

Format: ASCII files (.dem)

Access: Request from ADC

More Info: Data Description (DMTI Spatial Inc.)