What are altmetrics?
The search for alternative metrics are being driven by a desire to more accurately reflect the impact of faculty work, beyond the journal level metrics currently available through Journal Citation Reports, Eigenfactor, SCImago Journal Rank or Google Scholar Metrics for example.
Altmetrics are an attempt to measure the impact of faculty work in non-traditional areas, reflecting where and how we communicate. This includes the use of social networks such as Facebook, academia.edu, ResearchGate, LinkedIn and Twitter, through blogs, through presentations posted online in places such as SlideShare, and/or the loading content to digital (arXiv) or institutional repositories (IRs: Scholarship@Uwindsor for example). Faculty work may also be bookmarked by others in places such as Mendeley and Zotero.
Article level metrics are also being pursued as a more accurate reflection of impact than at the journal level, as these offer the opportunity to measure the influence of the article apart from the journal it appears in. SPARC has a primer on article-level metrics. Scholarship@UWindsor offers both download counts per article and a link to an altmetrics count for each of your articles, assuming your publisher assigns an article DOI (digital object identifier) that enables the IR software to add an altmetrics tag to the entry in the repository. This measure kicks in, of course, once your paper has been mentioned by others through a social network.
The latest effort for article level metrics is the Relative Citation Ratio (RCR) from the National Institutes of Health and initial results reveal that almost 90% of breakthrough papers first appeared in journals with relatively modest journal impact factors. The analytical tool for RCR is called iCite and is located here https://icite.od.nih.gov/.
If all this intrigues you, you will want to read the:
Selected Articles on altmetrics:
Bertuzzi, Stefano. A New and stunning metric from NIH reveals the real nature of scientific impact. ascb.
Robin Chin Roemer and Rachel Borchardt. From bibliometrics to altmetrics: A changing scholarly landscape Coll. res. libr. news November 2012 73: 596-600.
Rodrigo Costas, Zohreh Zahedi, Paul Wouters. Do altmetrics correlate with citations? Extensive comparison of altmetric indicators with citations from a multidisciplinary perspective. 2014. arXiv:1401.4321 [cs.DL]
Impact of altmetrics:
Jennifer Howard. Rise of 'Altmetrics' Revives Questions About How to Measure Impact of Research Chronicle of Higher Education June 3 2013.
Roberta Kwok. "Research impact: Altmetrics make their mark" Originally published in Nature 2013 500, 491-493 doi:10.1038/nj7463-491a
Altmetrics Bibliography by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.
Altmetrics bookmarlet : for article level metrics
CitedIn : find where your article is cited using a PubMed identifier
Connect with/collect your work using IDs:
ORCID : an open, non-profit, community-based effort to provide a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers. ORCID is unique in its ability to reach across disciplines, research sectors, and national boundaries and its cooperation with other identifier systems.
Strengths: open source; can link to non-journal/book content such as presentations and other social media sites.
Weaknesses: Need to manage Institutional Repository stats, blog stats, academia.edu(?) stats separately
ResearcherID : Elsevier provides an invaluable index to author information. By assigning a unique identifier to each author who participates, ResearcherID standardizes and clarifies author names and citations and makes your information search more straightforward and accessible.
Strengths: Integrated with Web of Knowledge (WoK); author data has been normalized in WoK so high level of accuracy re: associated articles
Weaknesses: WoK is not the complete universe of subjects (21) and publications, just a subset specifically chosen by Elsevier; published content only; not open source.
Scopus Author Identifier: Helps differentiate between authors with similar names by assigning each author in Scopus a unique number and grouping together all of the documents written by that author. May then import all into ORCID using a wizard.
Google Scholar Citations : a simple way for authors to keep track of citations to their articles. You can check who is citing your publications, graph citations over time, and compute several citation metrics.
Join the discussion:
#altmetric on Twitter
#citationimpact on Twitter