Geospatial Data: Boundaries of Canada

Census of Canada Geographic Boundary Files

Statistics Canada, various years

Digital boundary files for a wide range of census geographic areas – from provinces and territories down to city blocks. The latest boundary data available is 2011.

Format: ESRI Shapefiles, Geography Markup Language (.gml), MapInfo (.tab)

Access: Download from Statistics Canada

 

Canadian Geopolitical Boundaries

DMTI Spatial Inc., 2015

Vector datasets that contain the international, inter-provincial and territorial boundaries of Canada and the boundaries of Canada's exclusive economic zone.

Format: ESRI Shapefiles

Access: Download from Scholars GeoPortal

 

DMTI Neighbourhoods & Community Boundaries

DMTI Spatial Inc., various years (up to 2014)

A national-wide vector dataset that delimits boundaries for neighbourhoods (urban areas only) and communities (both urban and rural areas).

Format: ESRI Shapefiles

Access: Download from Scholars GeoPortal

 

DMTI Postal Code Geography

DMTI Spatial Inc., various years (up to 2014)

The data set includes six-digit postal codes for all of Canada as well as related boundary files (Forward Sortation Areas (FSA), Local Delivery Units (LDU)). There are two types of postal codes provided, Unique Enhanced Postal Codes (UEP), and Multiple Enhanced Postal Codes (MEP). UEP is used more frequently because it provides a 1:1 relationship between postal codes and Statistics Canada's standard census geography. MEP takes into account that in some newer subdivisions, many streets will share the same postal code. The instructions for creating the UEP from the MEP can be found in the User Guide.

Format: ESRI Shapefiles

Access: Download from Scholars GeoPortal

 

DMTI Postal To Census Translation Table

DMTI Spatial Inc., various years (up to 2014)

The Postal Code to Census table is a look up table between the Multiple Enhanced Postal Code product (MEP) and the Canadian Census product. The Postal to Census Translation Table contains explicit and unilateral relationships of the 6-digit postal code point geometry to various levels of census geography as delineated in the 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011 census periods.

Format: Table (.txt)

Access: Download from Scholars GeoPortal

More Info: Data Description (McMaster University)